About Afghanistan

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Country Profile

Official Name:
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Location & Size:
Afghanistan is a 652,864 sq. km. (249,935 sq. mi.) landlocked country situated at the hub of South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 28.6 million people (2016). To the south and east, Afghanistan shares a border with Pakistan; to the west, it shares a border with Iran, and its northern border touches the Central Asian countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. In the far northeast, it shares a border with China.
Founding:
Afghanistan achieved independence and freed itself from British control over its foreign affairs in 1919, following the Third Anglo-Afghan War. The Treaty of Rawalpindi granted Afghanistan sovereignty, which was declared on August 19, 1919 by King Amanullah Khan.
Government:
Afghanistan’s National Unity Government, elected in 2014, is led by President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Dr. Abdullah Abdullah.
Capital:
Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan with a population of about 4.5 million.
Provinces:
34 (see list)
Natural Resources:
Afghanistan has an abundance of natural resources, among them: natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromate, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones like emeralds, rubies, and lapis lazuli.
Ethnic Diversity:
Afghanistan has been a land of diverse peoples for centuries. The country’s constitution officially recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baluch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai. Pashto and Dari are Afghanistan’s official languages. Afghanistan’s Constitution stipulates that all other languages are “official” in the areas in which they are spoken by a majority of the population.
Currency:
The “Afghani” (AFN) is the national currency, with an exchange rate of about 69 Afghanis to $1 USD.
For more information, visit www.dab.gov.af
Country Telephone Code:
+93
Domain Extension:
.af - For domain registration, visit www.nic.af